100 buildings every student of architecture should know

Plazzo Rucellai
Florance, Italy (1446-1451)


Plazzo Rucellai is a 15th century townhouse located in Florence, Italy. Most of the scholars believe that it was designed by Leon Battista Alberti, and executed by Bernardo Rossellino. Its facade was one of the first ones to proclaim the new ideas of renaissance architecture based on the use of pilasters and entablatures.

Building #99
Church of the Holy Apostle
Salonica, Greece (14th century)


The church of the holy apostle, was built in the 14 century in the north of the Thessaloniki (Salonica). Between the years 1520 and 1530 it was converted into a mosque by Cezeri Ka-sim Pasa. The building belongs to the type of the composite, five-domed cross-in-square churches, with four supporting columns. It also features a narthex with a U-shaped peristoon (an ambulatory with galleries), with small domes at each corner. There are also two small side-chapels to the east. The exterior walls feature rich decoration with a variety of brick-work patterns

Diocletian’s Palace
Split, Croatia (AD 300)

Diocletian's PalaceThe Diocletian’s palace, is a building in Split, Croatia  in the 4th century.  The building was built by Roman emperor Diocletian in the preparation of his retirement. it is built on a bay on the south side of short Peninsula running out from the Dulmatian coast, four miles from Salona,  the capital of the roman province of Dalmatia.

Durhan Cathedral
Durahn, England (C1093)

Durhan CathedralDurham Cathedral is one of the greatest Norman building in England, and is one of the best ones in the Europe. It is located in the city of Durham, England, the seat of Anglican Bishop of Durham. The present cathedral replaced the 10th century “White Church”, built as part of a monastic foundation to house the shrine of Saint Cuthbert of Lindisfarne.

Kailasa Temple Ellora,
Maharashtra, India (8th Century AD) indian one

Ellora is an archaeological site, 29 km (18 mi) North-West of the city of Aurangabad in the Indian state of Maharashtra built by the rashtrakuta dynasty. Of these 34 monasteries and temples, the Kailasa (cave 16) is a remarkable example of Dravidian architecture on account of its striking proportion.

Machu Picchu Fortress Ruins Inca
Peru (16th century)

machu-picchu-scenic-sunHigh in Peru’s Andes Mountains, at an elevation of 7,710 feet (2,350 meters), Machu Picchu—the site of ancient Incan ruins—lay hidden away, known only to local residents, for centuries. That was, until July 24, 1911, when Yale University professor Hiram Bingham was led to the site by a local. In search of the “lost city of the Incas” (Vilcabamba, or Vilcapampa), Bingham was sure he had found it when he stepped foot into the narrow saddle between Machu Picchu (“Old Peak”) and Huayna Picchu (“New Peak”).

Seville, Spain (14 Century)

Alcazar Castle, Segovia, Spain
The Alcazar is a royal palace in seville, Spain. This palace is the oldest palace which is still being used in Europe, and it was registered in 1987 by UNESCO as a world heritage site alongside the Seville Cathedral and General archive of Indies.

Angkor Wat Temple-Mountain
Angkor, Cambodia (1113-1150)


Angkor Wat is the largest Bhuddist temple complex and the largest religious monument in the world. The temple was built by the Tamil king Suryavarman II in the early 12th century in Yasodharapura, the capital of the Khmer Empire, as his state temple and eventual mausoleum. Breaking from the Shavism tradition of previous kings, Angkor Wat was instead dedicated to Vishnu.

Arch of Constantine
Rome (AD 312)

Arch of Constantine_L

The Arch of Constantine is a triumphal arch in Rome, situated between the Colosseum and the Palatine Hill. It was erected by the Roman Senate to commemorate Constantine I’s victory over Maxentius at the Battle of Milivian Bridge on October 28, 312. Dedicated in 315, it is the latest of the existing triumphal arches in Rome, and the only one to make extensive use of Spolia, re-using several major reliefs from 2nd century imperial monuments, which give a striking and famous stylistic contrast to the sculpture newly-created for the arch.

Audience Hall of the Temple
Perspolis, Iran (500 BC)


Perspolis was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire (ca. 550–330 BCE). Persepolis is situated 70 km northeast of the modern city of Shiraz in the Fars province of modern Iran. The earliest remains of Persepolis date from around 515 BCE. UNESCO declared the citadel of Persepolis a World Heritage Site in 1979.

Bascilica of Saint Ambrogio
Millan, Italy (11-12th)


The Basilica of Saint Ambrose (Sant’Ambrogio in Italian), originally called Martyrs Basilica in honor of Christians martyred during the Roman persecutions and buried in the area where the basilica was erected, was commissioned by the bishop of Milan, San Ambrosio between the years 379-386. When the same Ambrose was buried in the basilica, he was changing the name.

Bascilica of St Denis
Paris, France (1135-1144)

Bascilica of St Denis is a large medieval abbey church in the commune of Saint Denis, now a northern suburb of Paris. The abbey church was created a cathedral in 1966 and is the seat of the Bishop of Saint Denis, Pascal Michel Ghislain Delannoy. The building is of unique importance historically and architecturally.

Borgund Church
Borgund, Norway (C1150)

is a stave church located in Borgund, Laerdal, Norway. It is classified as a triple nave stave church of the so-called Sogn-type. This is also the best preserved of Norway’s 28 extant stave churches.

Chartres Cathedral
Chartres, France (1140-1220)


Chartres Cathedral is a Roman Rite Catholic cathedral located in Chatres, about 80 kilometres (50 mi) southwest of Paris. It is considered one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The current cathedral, mostly constructed between 1194 and 1250, is the last of at least five which have occupied the site since the town became a bishopric in the 4th century.

Chateau of Chambord
France (1526-1544)


The Royal Chartres Cathedral is one of the most recognizable chateaux in the world because of its very distinct French Renaissance architecture which blends traditional French medieval forms with classical Renaissance structures. The building, which was never completed, was constructed by King Froncois I in part to be near to his mistress the Comtesse de Thoury, Claude Rohan, wife of Julien de Clermont, a member of a very important family of France, whose domaine, the château de Muides, was adjacent. Her arms figure in the carved decor of the château.

Chichen Itza
Yucatan, Mexico (12th Century)


was a large pre-columbian city built by the Maya civilization. The archaelogical site  is located in the municipality of Tinum, in the Mexican state of Yucatan.

Rome (72-80 AD)


The Colosseum or Coliseum, also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome,Italy. Built of concrete  and stone, it was largest amphitheatre of the Roman Empire , and is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and engineering. It is the largest amphitheatre in the world.

Portico of the Caryatids (421-405 BC)

The Erechtheum  is an ancient Greek temple on the north side of the Acropolis of Athens in Greece.

Madrid, Spain (1563-1584)


The Royal Seat of San Lorenzo de El Escorial is an historical residence of the King of Spain, in the town of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, about 45 kilometres (28 mi) northwest of the capital, Madrid, in Spain. It is one of the Spanish Royal Sites and functions as a monastery, royal palace, museum, and school. It is also known shorthand as El Escorial or the Escorial.

Forbidden City
Beijing, China (started 1406)


The Forbidden City was the Chinese imperial Palace from the Ming Dynasty to the end of the Qing Dynasty. It is located in the middle of Beijing, China, and now houses the Palace Museum. For almost 500 years, it served as the home of emperors and their households, as well as the ceremonial and political center of Chinese government.

Forum Romanum
Rome, Italy (78BC – AD 608)


The Roman Forum is a rectangular forum (plaza) surrounded by the ruins of several important ancient government buildings at the center of the city of Rome. Citizens of the ancient city referred to this space, originally a marketplace, as theForum Magnum, or simply the Forum.

Portico of the Caryatids (421-405 BC)

ErechtheumOnAcropolisThe Erechtheion is an ancient Greek temple  on the north side of the Acropolis of Athens in Greece.

Madrid, Spain (1563-1584)

escorial_monastery_spain-normalThe Royal Seat of San Lorenzo de El Escorial is an historical residence of the King of Spain, in the town of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, about 45 kilometres (28 mi) northwest of the capital, Madrid, in Spain. It is one of the Spanish royal sites and functions as a monastery, royal palace, museum, and school. It is also known shorthand as El Escorial or the Escorial.


Library of Celsus

Ephesus, Turkey (completed in 135 AD )

turky 2


Mont Saint Michel

France ( 1203-1264 )



Mosque of Cordoba

Spain ( 8-9th Centuries )Snapshot_2013-06-11_214500


Palace at Knossos

Crete ( c150 BC )




Rome, Italy ( 118 BC – AD 25 )Snapshot_2013-06-11_220200


Pisa Leaning Tower and Cathedral complex

Italy (c 1063-1173 )Snapshot_2013-06-11_221800


Pont du Gard

 France ( 27 BC-AD 14 )

pont du


Puerta del Sol

Spain (1200 )



Pyramids of Giza

Egypt (  2530-2470 BC )



San Vitale Church

Italy (526-547 AD )



St. Basil’s

Mosco, Russia ( 1554-1560 AD )



St. Mark’s Cathedral

Venice, Italy ( 1063 AD )




Wiltshire, England (c2000 BC)



Stupa at Borobudur

 Indonesia (8th Century AD)



Stupa at Sanchi

India (1st Centruy AD)



Taj Mahal




Temple of Athena Nike

Athens ( 427 BCP )



Temple of Bacchus

 Lebanon (2nd Century )



The Alhambra

Spain (1333-1354)



Eiffel Tower

Paris (1889 )




Germany (1925-1926 )



Hagia Sophia

Turkey (532-537 )



Palazzetto dello Sport

Italy (1956-1957)



Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s