Influential Architects of the 20th Century

Philip Johnson

philip-johnson

  • Philip Cortelyou Johnson
  • American
  • July 8, 1906 – January 25, 2005

Facts about Philip Johnson:

  • After graduating with a degree in philosophy from Harvard in 1930, Johnson became founder and director of the Department of Architecture and Design of the Museum of Modern Art in New York.
  • Johnson returned to Harvard at age 34, to study architecture, and after military service, embarked on a distinguished career as a practicing architect.
  • Johnson’s early influence as a practicing architect was his use of glass.
  • He eventually rejected much of the metallic appearance of earlier International Style buildings, and began designing spectacular, crystalline structures uniformly sheathed in glass.
  • Johnson’s architectural work is a balancing act between two dominant trends in post-war American art: the more “serious” movement of Minimalism, and the more populist movement of Pop art.
  • Johnson’s personal art collection reflected this dichotomy, as he introduced artists such as Mark Rotheko to the Museum of Modern Art as well as Andy Warhol.
  • He is mentioned in the song “Thru These Architect’s Eyes” on the album “Outside” (1995) by David Bowie.
  • Through his designs, writings, and teachings, Philip Johnson played a seminal role in defining the theoretical shape and literal form taken by architecture in the 20th century.

Johnson’s most significant buildings:

Lipstick building.
53, Third Avenue, New york, NY Edificio_Lipstick_5

Puerta de Europa
Madrid, Spainrrrrrrr

Pennsylvania Academy of MusicLancaster,
Pennsylvania

aa

Philip Johnson has been recognized as one of the most creative and innovative architects for over half a century. He had designed many of the famous buildings which are still stable such as the Bank of the America center in Houston, or  the Ernst & Young in Rotterdam, Holland.

Arthur Erickson

Arthur-Erickson_0

  • Arthur Charles Erickson
  • Candian
  • June 14, 1924 – May 20, 2009

Facts about Arthur Erickson:

  • Most of his buildings are modernist concrete structures designed to respond to the natural conditions of their locations, especially climate.
  • He served in the Canadian Army Intelligence Corps during World War 2.
  • In 1973, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada and was promoted to Companion in 1981
  • Every building Erickson designed had a common element: an inherent humanity
  • Mr. Erickson bought the Vancouver property for $11,000 in 1957. Today the land is valued at more than $3.1-million, while the house is assessed for tax purposes at only $6,300.
  • he is famous for the Museum of Anthropology at the University of British Columbia, Robson Square and the downtown Law Courts complex in Vancouver
  • Erickson’s noteworthy contributions and innovative design work earned him the Gold Medal from the American Institute of Architects in 1986.
  •  Vancouver, B.C. native, Erickson studied at the University of British Columbia and later at McGill University in Montreal, Quebec. Advanced studies brought Erickson to Greece, Italy, the Middle East and Japan, where he discovered the nuances of architectural style in climate and terrain.

Erickson’s most significant buildings:

Roy Thompson Hall
Toronto, Canada

RoyThompsonHall_PV2

Two California Plaza
Los Angles, United States

aeeThe Museum of Glass
Tacoma, United States

museum-of-glass

Although Arthur Eriksson was born in Canada and died in Canada, His legacies are in the every corner of the planet. Perhaps it was this global outlook that gave his design a universal quality; his buildings can’t be reduced to a single style or “ism.”

I M Pei

im

  • Ieoh Ming Pei
  • Chinese American
  • April 26th 1979 (age 96)

Facts about I M Pei:

  • Pei is known as the master of the modern architecture
  • He was born and raised in China, and he moved to the US at the age of 18 and continued his education in the university of Pennsylvania.
  • He went to a school in Shanghai that allowed students only a half a day a month of free time
  • He went back to China for the first time in 1974 to design a hotel at the Fragant hills.
  • Pei has won a wide variety of prizes and awards in the field of architecture, including the Ala Gold Medal in 1979, the first Praemium Imperiale for Architecture in 1989, and the Lifetime AchievementAward from the Cooper-Hewitt, National design museum in 2003. In 1983, he won the Pritzker Prize, sometimes called the Nobel Prize of architecture.
  • He is known for his dramatic use of concrete and glass.
  • he used the $100,000 of the Pritzker Prize award to establish a scholarship fund for Chinese students to study architecture in the United States.
  • Pei are honorary doctorates from Harvard University, the University of Pennsylvania, Columbia University, New York University, Brown University, the University of Colorado, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, and the American University of Paris. Most recently he was awarded the Laura Honoris Causa by the University of Rome, in 2004.

 Pei’s most significant buildings:

Luce memorial chapel
Taiwan

4

Edf tour edf
France

3

Fountain place
Texas, United States

5

Arthur Pei is such a great architecture that has many legacies all over the world. to the architectural world, his legacy would be his belief that architecture “Is the mirror of life itself.”

 

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s