Innovations of building materials

SIPS- Structural Insulatd Panel Systems

Sips are high performance building panels which are used in many parts of a building, such as floors, walls, and roofs.  Sips are made by putting a core of rigid foam plastic insulation between two structural facings..  SIPs are made under a factory controlled conditions and could be used for many styles and homes. This system is an extremely strong, energy efficient and cost effective. Buildings that have SIPS in their structure, are easily built and the system will save the time, money and labor. Although the SIPS have many advantages, they could not be used in every regions and areas. SIPS would be a good idea in such places as Canada where all the houses are build using wood and the roofs are declivitous.

SIPs cabins-118

Masonry Construction

Masonry is the building of structures from individual units laid in and bound together by mortar; . The common materials of masonry construction are brick, stone, marble, granite, etc. These kinds of materials, increase the thermal mass of a building, so they give comfort in the scorching heat of the summer and chilling cold of the winter. Also natural materials like bricks, stones and tiles will not require any kind of exterior painting. They might require polishing though. This brings down certain amount of costs. However, it would be difficult to build the masonries If the foundation is not strong  because they are extremely heavy in nature. Extreme weather conditions can prove to be bad for masonry.

Masonry_Tools masonry1

ICF. Insulating Concrete Form

Insulating Concrete Form (ICF) is a system that stays in place permanently and substrates for walls, floors, and roofs. The forms are filled with concrete. The forms lock together somewhat like lego bricks and serve to create a form for the structural walls or floors of a building. The first advantage of the ICF is the structural strength inherent in a reinforced concrete wall. In one simple operation, you have the structural qualities of concrete, with the air-sealing and insulation qualities of a SIPS wall. The ICF wall has half of its insulation on each side of the thermal mass. This means that when the heat energy gets just half way through the insulation, it gets to the concrete, which transfers a large amount of that energy to the ground through the footings. This can be a very good thing in a hot climate, where you do not want the heat to get into the dwelling. the disadvantage of the system would be the high cost of it.

ICF Example 3

Shotcrete Systems

This system is a constructional system which is made by spraying concrete or mortar with a dry mix, wet mix, or Multicrete’s Hybrid Wet process. Simply, it is sprayed concrete. They are strong, durable, resistant to disasters, fires, mold, insects and vermin, and have low permeability, good thermal mass, and create tight envelopes. Also in the cases that the constructional process has had a huge cost, this system would be advantageous because its not so expensive. As their disadvantages, getting access to the work area is difficult, thin layers or variable thicknesses are required, or normal casting techniques cannot be employed.


Steel Framing

Steel framing is constructional system and technique in which the building is built on a skeleton base. the skeleton supports to form the base shape, The steel provides structural support for other building elements, including siding, roof, floors, walls, and occupants, etc. This technique would provide a firm and strong building which has resistance. Also with any other constructional technique, there is habitually the difficulty that bugs may find their way into the structure of the house. Even though steel buildings can have some if the identical bug difficulties as other kinds of dwellings, there are still some advantages. With a steel frame, the bugs will not make a nest. as a disadvantage, we could mention the high cost of it.

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